7 Amazing Facts About The Rainforest

rainforest cave
It's no secret that we're SUPER passionate about rainforests and their role in our survival here on Earth.  Unfortunately, large corporations and governments officials have been conspiring to put profits over protections, and are destroying the very ecosystems that are helping to sustain balance on the planet.  Here's a list of the top 7 things you need to know about rainforest. 

1. Known as the "lungs of the planet”

ferns in rainforest floor
Rainforests often referred to as the “lungs of our planet” because of the way they provide the essential service of continuously recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. The Amazon Rainforest alone provides over 20% of the world's oxygen.  Even though the majority of this is immediately recycled into the vast ecosystem of the Amazon itself, it is absolutely crucial in keeping the "machine" running.  What many people don't realize is that by destroying these vital ecosystems, we are not only losing a large part of the infrastructure we rely on for producing oxygen, but all of the carbon that is being stored within the trees and root systems is actually released BACK into the atmosphere once the trees are cut down.  So it's basically a double-whammy, we lose an important source of our oxygen supply AND we increase our overall carbon emissions.  It's because of this that the entire Forestry & Agriculture industries contribute to almost double the greenhouse gas emissions than the ENTIRE transportation industry.

2. Home to over HALF of the known species on Earth

red panda
Of the estimated 10 million species of plants, animals and insects on the Earth, more than half of them call the Rainforest home. Bengal tigers, mountain gorillas, orangutans, jaguars and three-toed sloths are just a few of the magical creatures found in rainforests. Sadly, many of these species are now facing extinction within our lifetime. Many people often just think of rainforests as a combination of trees, plant, animals and insects, as if they are all separate elements.  The truth of the matter though, is that all of the living organisms that live here operate cohesively as one living breathing organism.  Without certain species of animals carrying out the important task of seed dispersal, plants can't continue to thrive in the areas they are needed.  Avoiding forest loss and degradation is crucial, as the disruption of plant-animal interactions can lead to catastrophic cascading effects in the long run.

3. Critical to maintaining Earth’s limited supply of fresh water

misty rainforest
The Amazon is one of the most important natural regions on Earth usually known for its forests and the immense volume of deforestation each year.  But the Amazon is also the largest river system in the world with more than 100,000 km of rivers and streams.  Rainforest ecosystems act as natural water filters, keeping pollution and debris from flowing into water supplies. They also slow down rainwater, sending it into underground reserves. A full FIFTH of the world’s fresh water is located in the Amazon basin. 

4. Earth's pharmacy

rainforest floor
Over 25% of all modern medicines are derived from plants found within the Amazon Rainforest, yet only 1% of the plants that grow there have actually been studied for their medicinal value.  Do the math on this one.  It's hard to imagine with the staggering amount of biodiversity that exists here that there are not currently sitting a plethora of undiscovered plants which could cure sicknesses and diseases that currently have no cure. Vincristine for instance, extracted from the rainforest plant Periwinkle, is one of the world’s most powerful anticancer drugs.  It has dramatically increased the survival rate for acute childhood leukemia since it’s discovery.

5. Our best defense against climate change

dry deforested earth
Not only do they regulate global temperatures, they also stabilize local climates and limit the Earth’s reflectivity, which in turn stabilizes ocean currents, wind patterns and rainfall. Efforts such as reforestation through tree planting can certainly help with the long term strategy, but recent studies have shown that the most effective strategy for combating the effects of climate change is to insure the protection of the rainforests we still have left.  Once they're destroyed, it will take hundreds, if not THOUSANDS of years for the ecosystems to regenerate to their full capacity.

6. A swath of rainforest the size of 36 football fields disappears every MINUTE

Humans are destroying the very resources that we rely on for our survival, to support things such as animal agriculture, palm oil, and timber.  Cattle ranching currently accounts for over 80% of the deforestation.  This is happening because large extractive industries are given permission by local governments to come in and clear the land to make room for their operations.  Scientists predict that we are losing upwards of 120 species every DAY due to the current rate of deforestation.

7. Nearly 90% of people living in extreme poverty worldwide depend on forests for their livelihoods

child and dog in wooden home
A recent study found that rainforest land utilized for: 
Cattle Operations: Yields the land owner $60/acre
Harvested Timber: Yields the land owner $400/acre
Sustainable Resources: Yields the land owner $2400/acre
Which means that the most beneficial use of the land for our very survival is actually the most economical for the landowners as well.  This is one of the foundational reasons we founded OMA.  To not only create new sustainable job opportunities for our indigenous artisan partners, but to also create new economies for the sustainable resources we use in our bracelets.